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Rug & Carpet know-how

The company offers a broad range of manufacturing processes that meet the needs of a large number of projects involving specific uses and sites.


Aubusson-type flat weave

The Aubusson-type flat weave is an entirely hand-made weaving technique that was historically used at the Manufacture d'Aubusson. This process enables the production of exceptional hand-made rugs and tapestries. Each item is woven like a cloth on horizontal basse lisse looms.

Ghiordes or Savonnerie knots

There are several types of knots. The Savonnerie-type knotting technique was formerly used for the kings of France. The difference between the Portuguese knot and the Tibetan knot is related to the size of the knot and therefore to the number of knots per square centimeter. The smaller the knot, the more precise the design. The choice depends on the desired effect. The Portuguese knot has a more rustic look, whereas the Tibetan knot adds greater sophistication.

Hand tufting

Hand tufting is a contemporary process that offers a multitude of variations in design, color and format. “Tuft” means “cluster” and is derived from the French word “touffe”. The design is printed on the fabric and is hand tufted with an electric gun to form the nap. Density and materials (wool, silk, linen, synthetic fabrics) can be varied according to the project.

Flat-woven rugs

As is the case for certain fabrics, the process is mechanical and done on a “flat” loom, with a horizontal warp. Weft threads are added using a shuttle that is slid from side to side. Depending on the chosen weave structure, rugs may have a very smooth surface or one that is more or less raised. Robust and easy to care for, these rugs are made in a broad variety of materials (sisal, jute, synthetic fibers, etc.).

Mixed techniques

Contemporary creations from Pierre Frey make the most of contrasting effects produced by different techniques. The company groups the blend of different techniques under this category. The “Saudade” technique, for example, mixes a flat weave for the rug background with a textile effect and hand knotting to create raised motifs with a 3D effect.

Outdoor qualities

The Pierre Frey outdoor rug collection features two types of fibers with certified performance and a two-year warranty. The characteristics of the fibers allow using them outside (resistance to light, mold and water) and ensure easy upkeep.

Wilton carpeting

This traditional weaving process, which is mechanical and done on jacquard velvet looms, features a denser thread count that makes it possible to use the carpeting on floors. Semi-worsted wool adds refinement and brilliance to the velvet pile, which is made mainly from wool. The technique is delicate and installation is meticulous: small widths are joined by sewing.

Pass tufting

This contemporary technique is based on the hand tufting principle using a more mechanical process. The hand-held gun is replaced by a small machine that applies strands of wool to entire areas. This technology is used for striped or checked patterns and primarily to produce plain carpeting. However, it can be used to created raised effects on countless materials (wool, silk, etc.).


Carving can be used to create a design on the pile of a rug or carpeting. Carving is an artisanal process that consists of manually sculpting a pile with electric scissors. An infinite number of geometrical shapes or delicate curved patters can be made.

Axminster carpets

The Axminster weave was developed in England during the industrial revolution to reduce the cost of carpet-making. This weaving technique uses mechanical looms that produce large amounts of carpeting in broad widths. Composition and materials are designed in particular for intensive use in hotels, restaurants, shops or company headquarters.

Synergy between past and present

The exceptional heritage collection from Maison Braquenié and eighty years of spectacular contemporary creation at Pierre Frey offer a design library and archives of unparalleled richness.